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Trump Announces Plans for Space Force  06/19 06:27

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Donald Trump announced Monday he is directing 
the Pentagon to create a new "Space Force" as an independent military service 
branch aimed at ensuring American supremacy in space --- though he may have 
limited power to develop a new military command.

   While Trump has previously talked about his desire for a space unit, he 
seemed to take those musings one step further, specifically ordering the 
Pentagon to begin the creation of a sixth branch of the American armed forces.

   "When it comes to defending America, it is not enough to merely have an 
American presence in space. We must have American dominance in space," Trump 
said during remarks at the White House. "We are going to have the Air Force and 
we are going to have the Space Force, separate but equal."

   Turning to seek out Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
of Staff, Trump said, "General Dunford, if you would carry that assignment out, 
I would be very greatly honored also ...Where's General Dunford?  General?  Got 
it?"

   Dunford appeared to acknowledge the order, responding, "we got it." But the 
directive seemed to take defense officials by surprise. Creating a new joint 
military command is largely the purview of Congress, which would have to 
provide the authority and any funding or shifting of money to a new unit.

   Pentagon spokeswoman Dana White said that the department understands the 
president's guidance, and is working on the matter while taking into 
consideration the implications for intelligence operations for the other 
services. "Working with Congress, this will be a deliberate process with a 
great deal of input from multiple stakeholders," she said.

   A senior congressional aide said that Trump's order is consistent with 
efforts by members of Congress over the past two years to find a way to 
dedicate additional resources to the country's warfighting in space. But the 
issue has been contested, and even Defense Secretary Jim Mattis expressed some 
early reluctance to creating a new military service citing the expense and 
broader effort to integrate warfighting.

   The Defense Department is already in the middle of a 
congressionally-mandated review of the space force issue. The study began in 
March, with an interim review due in August and a final report due December 31. 
It's not clear if the president's comments Monday were meant to override or 
influence that study.

   Decades ago, the military deemed space a critical war-fighting domain, 
creating the Colorado-based Air Force Space Command in 1982. It includes more 
than 36,000 personnel around the world that provide space and cyber 
capabilities for the Defense Department. And the Space and Missile Systems 
Center at Los Angeles Air Force Base in California, designs and buys most of 
the Pentagon's space systems, while also overseeing satellite and other 
aircraft launches.

   In addition, a number of federal defense agencies control portions of the 
space program, including NASA and the National Reconnaissance Office, which 
develops and operates surveillance spacecraft and satellites for intelligence 
gathering.

   In a March document outlining the review, the Pentagon said it has already 
made organizational changes to beef up the stature of the space force, but is 
reviewing others. The document sent to Congress said the review will look at 
research, capabilities, acquisition and joint warfighting needs, and will 
assess "whether the Space Corps concept should be implemented."

   The establishment of an independent space force was mentioned by Trump in a 
March speech to service members in California, but it has faced opposition 
since it could create an expensive new headquarters bureaucracy and trigger 
complex and divisive battles between the agencies that currently control part 
of the space mission. So far, the Pentagon doesn't have any cost estimates for 
the development of a new command, or any description of how it would be set up 
or its impact on other defense and intelligence agencies.

   Ever since the Space Age started with the Soviet Union's launch of Sputnik, 
there has been a military and national security aspect to space, even though 
there are treaties and a United Nations committee that explicitly talk about 
keeping space a place of peace. In the 1950s, President Dwight Eisenhower 
established two separate space programs --- a civilian one that became NASA, 
and a military one.

   Trump more broadly envisioned a bright future for the U.S. space program, 
pledging to revive the country's flagging efforts, return to the moon and 
eventually send a human mission that would reach Mars. The president framed 
space as a national security issue, saying he does not want "China and Russia 
and other countries leading us." While the U.S. has dominated in space since 
the 1969 moon landing, China is making strong headway, while Russia is in 
decline.

   "My administration is reclaiming America's heritage as the world's greatest 
spacefaring nation," Trump said in the East Room, joined by members of his 
space council. "The essence of the American character is to explore new 
horizons and to tame new frontiers."

   The president also used the White House event to establish a new policy for 
reducing satellite clutter in space. The policy calls for providing a safe and 
secure environment up in orbit, as satellite traffic increases. It also sets up 
new guidelines for satellite design and operation, to avoid collisions and 
spacecraft breakups.

   The council's executive secretary, Scott Pace, told reporters before the 
meeting that space is becoming increasingly congested and current guidelines 
are inadequate to address the challenge.

   Trump also encouraged SpaceX, Blue Origin and other nontraditional aerospace 
companies led by wealthy U.S. entrepreneurs to beat NASA to Mars.

   "Just go ahead, if you beat us to Mars, we'll be very happy, and you'll be 
even more famous," he said. "As long as it's an American rich person, that's 
good, OK? They can beat us. We'll save a little money, and they can beat us, 
and we're taking full credit for it, don't worry about it."


(KA)

 
 
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