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Pentagon Suspends SKorea Drills        06/19 06:17

   The Pentagon on Monday formally suspended a major military exercise planned 
for August with South Korea, a much-anticipated move stemming from President 
Donald Trump's nuclear summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Pentagon on Monday formally suspended a major 
military exercise planned for August with South Korea, a much-anticipated move 
stemming from President Donald Trump's nuclear summit with North Korean leader 
Kim Jong Un.

   Dana White, spokeswoman for the Defense Department, said planning for the 
summer drills has stopped, but there have been no decisions made on any other 
military exercises with South Korea. Military exercises with other countries in 
the Pacific will continue.

   Speaking at a news conference last Tuesday after his summit with Kim, Trump 
abruptly announced that he was suspending military exercises with the South, 
"unless and until we see the future negotiation is not going along like it 
should." He added that dumping the drills will save the U.S. "a tremendous 
amount of money. Plus, I think it's very provocative."

   His announcement appeared to catch U.S. defense officials by surprise, and 
his comments ran counter to long-held American arguments that the exercises are 
critical for effective operations with allies and are defensive in nature. The 
Pentagon has for years flatly denied North Korean assertions that the exercises 
are "provocative."

   But as the days went by, the U.S. and Seoul began discussions about 
temporarily suspending the large Ulchi Freedom Guardian exercises that usually 
take place in August and possibly other joint drills while nuclear diplomacy 
with North Korea continues. Seoul's Defense Ministry said Friday that Defense 
Minister Song Young-moo held "deep" discussions about the drills with U.S. 
Defense Secretary James Mattis in a telephone conversation Thursday evening.

   Trump's decision to suspend the exercises, coupled with the vague joint 
statement issued after his summit with Kim, have reinforced fears in South 
Korea that the North is attempting to take advantage of a U.S. president who 
appears to care less about the traditional alliance than his predecessors.

   Last year's Ulchi Freedom Guardian went on for 11 days in August and 
involved about 17,500 U.S. troops. Also participating were troops from nations 
that contributed forces during the 1950-53 Korean War, including Australia, 
Britain, Canada and Colombia.

   The other major U.S. exercises with South Korea --- Key Resolve and Foal 
Eagle --- took place earlier this spring. They historically include live-fire 
drills with tanks, aircraft and warships and feature about 10,000 American and 
200,000 Korean troops. The drills typically begin in March but were delayed a 
bit because of the Winter Olympics in South Korea in February.

   North Korea has always reacted to the Ulchi exercises with belligerence and 
often its own demonstrations of military capability.

   During last year's Ulchi exercises, North Korea fired a powerful new 
intermediate-range missile over Japan in what its state media described as a 
"muscle-flexing" countermeasure to the drills.

   Military readiness and lethality have been key priorities for Mattis, so it 
is still not clear what, if any, smaller exercises may be conducted in the 
region with South Korea or if more desktop drills may be planned to compensate 
for the lack of larger, more coordinated events with various ships, aircraft 
and thousands of troops.

   Defense officials are also scrambling to pull together cost estimates for 
the various exercises with the South to inform Trump's assertion that the 
suspension will save an enormous amount of money. Mattis's office sent out a 
request to military commands last Wednesday seeking information on costs, but 
the Pentagon has yet to provide a public answer.


(KA)

 
 
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